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广东省人民政府首页  >  要闻动态  >  广东要闻

年薪百万需要缴40多万个税

来源: 南方日报网络版     时间: 2019年08月18日 16:44:55
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(5、生)(育)(保)(险)(:单)(位)(每)(个)(月)(为)(你)(缴)(纳)(0.8%,你)(自)(己)(一)(分)(钱)(也)(不)(要)(缴)(;
6、住)(房)(公)(积)(金)(:单)(位)(每)(个)(月)(为)(你)(缴)(纳)(8%,你)(自)(己)(缴)(纳)(8%
小)(明)(月)(工)(资)(15000元)(,按)(照)(上)(面)(的)(规)(定)(计)(算)(,他)(自)(己)(每)(个)(月)(缴)(纳)(的)(“五)(险)(一)(金)(”为)(15000×19%+10=2860元)(,剩)(余)(部)(分)(:15000-2860元)(=12140元)(,减)(去)(个)(人)(所)(得)(税)(起)(征)(点)(3500元)(后)(为)(8640元)(,应)(交)(纳)(个)(人)(所)(得)(税)(:8640×20%-555=1173元)(。如)(果)(不)(考)(虑)(扣)(除)(“五)(险)(一)(金)(”,则)(需)(要)(交)(纳)(个)(人)(所)(得)(税)(:15000-3500=11500元)(×25%-1005=1870元)(。
如)(果)(按)(照)(上)(面)(考)(虑)(扣)(除)(保)(险)(的)(算)(法)(来)(看)(,小)(明)(每)(年)(需)(要)(上)(缴)(的)(个)(税)(数)(额)(是)(1173*12=14076元)(,也)(就)(是)(说)(小)(明)(几)(乎)(一)(个)(月)(的)(工)(资)(要)(在)(一)(年)(中)(缴)(了)(个)(税)(,这)(可)(是)(一)(个)(普)(通)(工)(薪)(阶)(层)(几)(乎)(半)(年)(的)(伙)(食)(费)(啊)(。
然)(后)(我)(们)(再)(从)(总)(量)(上)(看)(这)(个)(问)(题)(,按)(照)(先)(前)(人)(民)(网)(的)(一)(篇)(报)(道)(,中)(国)(的)(富)(人)(约)(占)(总)(人)(口)(的)(20%,但)(是)(他)(们)(上)(缴)(的)(个)(人)(所)(得)(税)(还)(不)(到)(个)(人)(所)(得)(税)(收)(入)(的)(10%;由)(于)(普)(通)(工)(薪)(阶)(层)(占)(据)(了)(80%的)(人)(口)(总)(量)(,65%的)(个)(税)(来)(自)(占)(个)(税)(缴)(纳)(群)(体)(80%的)(中)(低)(收)(入)(者)(,而)(高)(收)(入)(者)(缴)(纳)(的)(个)(税)(占)(比)(偏)(低)(。使)(得)(中)(国)(的)(富)(人)(成)(为)(世)(界)(上)(税)(负)(最)(轻)(的)(。
那)(么)(我)(们)(再)(来)(看)(看)(美)(国)(,将)(近)(50%的)(工)(薪)(阶)(层)(只)(承)(担)(了)(联)(邦)(所)(得)(税)(的)(5%,10%的)(最)(高)(收)(入)(者)(承)(担)(了)(个)(人)(所)(得)(税)(的)(60%多)(,1%的)(最)(高)(收)(入)(者)(承)(担)(了)(30%多)(,从)(而)(形)(成)(了)(比)(较)(完)(美)(的)(“倒)(金)(字)(塔)(”的)(税)(收)(负)(担)(结)(构)(。
如)(果)(放)(在)(全)(球)(加)(上)(其)(他)(税)(负)(来)(看)(的)(话)(,我)(们)(国)(内)(的)(税)(负)(排)(名)(第)(二)(,而)(排)(名)(第)(一)(的)(法)(国)(尽)(管)(是)(痛)(苦)(指)(数)(第)(一)(,但)(是)(他)(们)(的)(国)(民)(福)(利)(超)(好)(。
全)(球)(税)(负)(痛)(苦)(指)(数)(排)(行)(榜)(
个)(税)(制)(度)(问)(题)(所)(在)(
为)(什)(么)(在)(中)(国)(45%的)(税)(率)(,对)(高)(收)(入)(阶)(层)(来)(说)(负)(担)(依)(然)(是)(这)(么)(重)(;而)(美)(国)(等)(西)(方)(发)(达)(国)(家)(税)(率)(更)(高)(,最)(高)(者)(达)(到)(55%以)(上)(,高)(收)(入)(者)(却)(反)(应)(没)(有)(那)(么)(强)(烈)(。问)(题)(的)(关)(键)(在)(于)(抵)(扣)(方)(面)(除)(了)(问)(题)(。
这)(些)(发)(达)(国)(家)(在)(抵)(扣)(方)(面)(,有)(着)(很)(多)(能)(够)(让)(缴)(税)(者)(接)(受)(的)(东)(西)(,如)(住)(房)(、教)(育)(等)(方)(面)(的)(支)(出)(,都)(可)(以)(在)(税)(前)(扣)(除)(。而)(看)(我)(们)(的)(情)(况)(,扣)(除)(的)(内)(容)(很)(少)(,尤)(其)(是)(住)(房)(、教)(育)(等)(对)(生)(活)(质)(量)(影)(响)(较)(大)(的)(方)(面)(,完)(全)(没)(有)(能)(够)(在)(缴)(纳)(个)(人)(所)(得)(税)(时)(得)(到)(体)(现)(。也)(就)(是)(尽)(管)(我)(们)(缴)(了)(相)(应)(的)(高)(税)(收)(,但)(是)(却)(没)(有)(得)(到)(相)(应)(的)(福)(利)(。
由)(于)(近)(几)(年)(个)(税)(起)(征)(点)(不)(变)(,而)(衣)(食)(住)(行)(的)(物)(价)(指)(数)(却)(在)(上)(涨)(。两)(者)(的)(“叠)(加)(效)(应)(”,让)(不)(少)(工)(薪)(族)(即)(使)(是)(某)(些)(高)(薪)(族)(都)(感)(觉)(到)(,交)(税)(后)(能)(存)(下)(的)(钱)(越)(来)(越)(少)(。这)(直)(接)(拉)(低)(了)(人)(们)(对)(生)(活)(质)(量)(的)(感)(受)(程)(度)(。你)(是)(不)(是)(也)(有)(同)(样)(的)(感)(受)(呢)(?
还)(有)(一)(点)(在)(当)(前)(也)(非)(常)(重)(要)(,普)(通)(工)(薪)(阶)(层)(需)(要)(辛)(辛)(苦)(苦)(劳)(动)(还)(需)(要)(付)(出)(不)(菲)(的)(个)(税)(;而)(通)(过)(资)(本)(市)(场)(获)(得)(的)(收)(入)(,则)(可)(以)(少)(缴)(税)(,甚)(至)(是)(免)(税)(。这)(显)(然)(也)(是)(不)(公)(平)(的)(。尤)(其)(是)(当)(前)(那)(些)(玩)(资)(本)(的)(行)(家)(里)(手)(,操)(控)(资)(本)(进)(账)(动)(辄)(几)(百)(万)(几)(千)(万)(甚)(至)(上)(亿)(。而)(且)(更)(别)(说)(那)(些)(占)(据)(权)(力)(的)(寻)(租)(者)(那)(些)(有)(灰)(色)(收)(入)(和)(黑)(色)(收)(入)(了)(,这)(方)(面)(也)(是)(政)(策)(制)(定)(者)(需)(要)(考)(虑)(的)(。
个)(税)(本)(来)(是)(调)(节)(收)(入)(分)(配)(的)(,其)(正)(常)(的)(设)(计)(应)(该)(是)(“穷)(人)(不)(交)(税)(,中)(等)(收)(入)(者)(少)(交)(税)(,而)(高)(收)(入)(者)(多)(交)(税)(”。而)(当)(前)(由)(于)(因)(为)(占)(据)(资)(源)(的)(优)(劣)(,大)(量)(的)(工)(薪)(阶)(层)(成)(了)(交)(税)(的)(主)(体)(,大)(量)(富)(人)(却)(少)(缴)(税)(或)(者)(通)(过)(各)(种)(途)(径)(逃)(税)(避)(税)(。当)(前)(的)(个)(税)(制)(度)(没)(有)(很)(好)(的)(考)(虑)(纳)(税)(人)(家)(庭)(负)(担)(和)(支)(出)(的)(抵)(扣)(制)(度)(,缺)(陷)(较)(为)(明)(显)(,对)(不)(同)(性)(质)(的)(所)(得)(分)(享)(计)(征)(,难)(以)(全)(面)(、完)(整)(地)(体)(现)(纳)(税)(人)(的)(真)(实)(纳)(税)(能)(力)(,从)(某)(种)(程)(度)(上)(也)(造)(成)(了)(一)(种)(不)(公)(平)(现)(象)(。
如)(果)(每)(每)(提)(到)(个)(税)(改)(革)(,我)(们)(相)(关)(部)(门)(总)(是)(第)(一)(想)(到)(的)(提)(高)(征)(税)(起)(征)(点)(,不)(愿)(意)(去)(具)(体)(问)(题)(具)(体)(分)(析)(把)(问)(题)(解)(决)(好)(,无)(疑)(是)(与)(百)(姓)(的)(诉)(求)(还)(是)(有)(距)(离)(的)(。
综)(上)(,笔)(者)(建)(议)(,在)(新)(一)(轮)(的)(个)(税)(改)(革)(中)(,必)(须)(在)(关)(注)(起)(征)(点)(、税)(率)(等)(的)(同)(时)(,也)(要)(把)(住)(房)(、教)(育)(等)(方)(面)(的)(支)(出)(也)(纳)(入)(到)(个)(人)(所)(得)(税)(抵)(扣)(范)(围)(,以)(此)(来)(推)(动)(个)(税)(的)(公)(平)(性)(、公)(正)(性)(,是)(非)(常)(重)(要)(的)(。个)(税)(改)(革)(不)(会)(一)(帆)(风)(顺)(的)(,必)(然)(触)(动)(一)(些)(人)(的)(利)(益)(,只)(要)(啃)(下)(这)(块)(硬)(骨)(头)(,我)(们)(才)(能)(享)(受)(到)(改)(革)(带)(来)(的)(红)(利)(。返)(回)(搜)(狐)(,查)(看)(更)(多)(
责)(任)(编)(辑)(:
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