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诺贝尔化学奖得主赫克因付不起医药费病逝

来源: 南方日报网络版     时间: 2019年08月18日 16:42:32
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(  人)(们)(惯)(常)(印)(象)(中)(,诺)(贝)(尔)(奖)(得)(主)(理)(应)(名)(利)(双)(收)(,安)(享)(成)(功)(人)(生)(,但)(美)(国)(人)(理)(查)(德)(·赫)(克)(却)(是)(例)(外)(。作)(为)(2010年)(诺)(贝)(尔)(化)(学)(奖)(得)(主)(,84岁)(的)(赫)(克)(因)(付)(不)(起)(治)(疗)(费)(,本)(月)(初)(在)(菲)(律)(宾)(一)(家)(公)(立)(医)(院)(病)(逝)(,凄)(凉)(地)(告)(别)(了)(他)(为)(之)(作)(出)(突)(出)(贡)(献)(的)(世)(界)(。
  消)(息)(传)(出)(,各)(方)(震)(惊)(。人)(们)(在)(唏)(嘘)(不)(已)(的)(同)(时)(,也)(想)(更)(多)(了)(解)(赫)(克)(到)(底)(经)(历)(了)(怎)(样)(一)(段)(人)(生)(,其)(中)(又)(有)(怎)(样)(的)(故)(事)(?
  【成)(果)(和)(荣)(誉)(】
  新)(华)(国)(际)(客)(户)(端)(报)(道)(,赫)(克)(1931年)(8月)(15日)(在)(美)(国)(马)(萨)(诸)(塞)(州)(斯)(普)(林)(菲)(尔)(德)(出)(生)(,8岁)(时)(全)(家)(搬)(到)(加)(利)(福)(尼)(亚)(州)(洛)(杉)(矶)(市)(。在)(2012年)(一)(场)(演)(讲)(中)(,他)(坦)(然)(谈)(到)(自)(己)(“卑)(微)(的)(出)(身)(”:父)(亲)(是)(百)(货)(商)(店)(销)(售)(员)(,母)(亲)(是)(家)(庭)(妇)(女)(。
  赫)(克)(在)(演)(讲)(中)(说)(,他)(对)(化)(学)(的)(兴)(趣)(来)(自)(于)(加)(利)(福)(尼)(亚)(新)(家)(一)(块)(荒)(废)(的)(后)(院)(,他)(在)(那)(里)(种)(植)(各)(种)(植)(物)(。“我)(找)(到)(了)(人)(生)(意)(义)(,成)(为)(一)(名)(科)(学)(家)(,能)(够)(造)(福)(国)(家)(,能)(够)(做)(出)(贡)(献)(,极)(大)(改)(善)(来)(自)(不)(同)(文)(化)(和)(社)(会)(的)(人)(们)(生)(活)(,”他)(说)(。
  正)(是)(在)(这)(一)(兴)(趣)(驱)(使)(下)(,赫)(克)(进)(入)(加)(利)(福)(尼)(亚)(大)(学)(洛)(杉)(矶)(分)(校)(学)(习)(化)(学)(,并)(在)(1954年)(获)(得)(博)(士)(学)(位)(。此)(后)(,他)(进)(入)(瑞)(士)(苏)(黎)(世)(联)(邦)(工)(学)(院)(进)(行)(博)(士)(后)(阶)(段)(的)(学)(习)(,后)(又)(进)(入)(美)(国)(特)(拉)(华)(大)(学)(工)(作)(。
  上)(世)(纪)(六)(七)(十)(年)(代)(,他)(通)(过)(实)(验)(发)(现)(,碳)(原)(子)(会)(跟)(钯)(原)(子)(连)(接)(在)(一)(起)(,产)(生)(一)(系)(列)(化)(学)(反)(应)(,这)(能)(让)(化)(学)(家)(们)(能)(够)(精)(确)(有)(效)(地)(制)(造)(他)(们)(需)(要)(的)(复)(杂)(化)(合)(物)(。他)(由)(此)(创)(立)(所)(谓)(的)(“赫)(克)(反)(应)(”,即)(“钯)(催)(化)(交)(叉)(偶)(联)(反)(应)(”。当)(前)(,这)(一)(技)(术)(已)(在)(全)(球)(的)(科)(研)(、医)(药)(生)(产)(和)(电)(子)(工)(业)(等)(领)(域)(得)(到)(广)(泛)(应)(用)(。
  1989年)(,赫)(克)(从)(特)(拉)(华)(大)(学)(退)(休)(,后)(成)(为)(这)(一)(大)(学)(名)(誉)(教)(授)(。2010年)(10月)(,在)(菲)(律)(宾)(享)(受)(退)(休)(生)(活)(的)(赫)(克)(与)(日)(本)(科)(学)(家)(根)(岸)(英)(一)(、铃)(木)(章)(一)(同)(获)(诺)(贝)(尔)(化)(学)(奖)(,而)(研)(究)(成)(果)(正)(是)(“钯)(催)(化)(交)(叉)(偶)(联)(反)(应)(”。他)(们)(三)(人)(共)(同)(分)(享)(了)(1000万)(瑞)(典)(克)(朗)((约)(合)(146万)(美)(元)()的)(诺)(贝)(尔)(化)(学)(奖)(奖)(金)(。
  当)(时)(,特)(拉)(华)(大)(学)(还)(发)(表)(一)(份)(声)(明)(,表)(示)(学)(校)(对)(赫)(克)(及)(其)(成)(就)(感)(到)(“异)(常)(自)(豪)(”。声)(明)(还)(说)(,赫)(克)(正)(在)(菲)(律)(宾)(,接)(到)(获)(奖)(的)(电)(话)(通)(知)(时)(,赫)(克)(感)(到)(很)(高)(兴)(但)(并)(不)(十)(分)(吃)(惊)(,毕)(竟)(他)(们)(的)(成)(果)(已)(被)(认)(为)(应)(该)(获)(得)(很)(高)(的)(荣)(誉)(;不)(过)(赫)(克)(仍)(认)(为)(,对)(他)(们)(的)(研)(究)(成)(果)(而)(言)(,能)(够)(获)(得)(诺)(贝)(尔)(奖)(是)(“一)(个)(非)(常)(完)(美)(的)(结)(局)(”。
  【简)(单)(和)(谦)(卑)(】
  新)(华)(国)(际)(客)(户)(端)(报)(道)(,获)(得)(诺)(贝)(尔)(化)(学)(奖)(和)(前)(往)(瑞)(典)(领)(奖)(,应)(该)(是)(赫)(克)(人)(生)(中)(为)(数)(不)(多)(高)(调)(亮)(相)(的)(时)(刻)(。在)(家)(人)(和)(同)(行)(的)(眼)(中)(,“谦)(卑)(”和)(“简)(单)(”是)(赫)(克)(最)(大)(两)(个)(特)(点)(,他)(淡)(泊)(名)(利)(,几)(乎)(把)(所)(有)(的)(精)(力)(都)(放)(在)(学)(术)(研)(究)(上)(。
  赫)(克)(2010年)(10月)(在)(接)(受)(法)(新)(社)(电)(话)(采)(访)(时)(说)(,很)(激)(动)(获)(得)(诺)(贝)(尔)(化)(学)(奖)(,但)(对)(于)(他)(的)(研)(究)(成)(果)(如)(何)(应)(用)(在)(21世)(纪)(的)(药)(品)(和)(工)(业)(中)(,他)(并)(不)(了)(解)(最)(新)(情)(况)(。
  “我)(真)(的)(并)(不)(知)(晓)(有)(关)(这)(一)(反)(应)((“赫)(克)(反)(应)(”)的)(所)(有)(应)(用)(情)(况)(,”他)(说)(,“它)(是)(一)(个)(有)(用)(的)(实)(验)(室)(反)(应)(,在)(工)(业)(中)(有)(着)(广)(泛)(应)(用)(。但)(其)(中)(很)(多)(都)(是)(保)(密)(的)(,因)(为)(他)(们)(想)((严)(格)()保)(护)(他)(们)(的)(专)(利)(。”
  赫)(克)(的)(妻)(子)(索)(科)(罗)(·纳)(多)(尔)(-赫)(克)(是)(菲)(律)(宾)(人)(,两)(人)(膝)(下)(无)(子)(。2006年)(,赫)(克)(和)(妻)(子)(定)(居)(菲)(律)(宾)(,住)(在)(菲)(首)(都)(大)(马)(尼)(拉)(地)(区)(奎)(松)(市)(一)(个)(小)(区)(。当)(地)(拥)(有)(许)(多)(教)(育)(机)(构)(,还)(有)(媒)(体)(中)(心)(和)(历)(史)(文)(化)(遗)(址)(。
  赫)(克)(平)(时)(喜)(欢)(到)(学)(校)(与)(学)(生)(们)(交)(流)(,鼓)(励)(他)(们)(探)(索)(未)(知)(的)(世)(界)(,菲)(律)(宾)(德)(拉)(萨)(列)(大)(学)(还)(授)(予)(他)(名)(誉)(教)(授)(称)(号)(。德)(拉)(萨)(列)(大)(学)(教)(授)(阿)(尔)(文)(·库)(拉)(巴)(说)(,赫)(克)(“非)(常)(简)(单)(、非)(常)(有)(人)(情)(味)(、非)(常)(谦)(卑)(”,虽)(然)(取)(得)(成)(就)(,但)(不)(喜)(欢)(受)(到)(公)(众)(关)(注)(。
  由)(于)(没)(有)(利)(用)(研)(究)(成)(果)(投)(资)(赚)(钱)(,赫)(克)(在)(退)(休)(后)(没)(有)(额)(外)(收)(入)(来)(源)(,主)(要)(依)(靠)(每)(月)(2500美)(元)(养)(老)(金)(。按)(照)(菲)(律)(宾)(消)(费)(水)(平)(,这)(点)(钱)(足)(够)(两)(人)(过)(上)(不)(错)(的)(生)(活)(。
  但)(在)(菲)(律)(宾)(人)(传)(统)(观)(念)(中)(,如)(果)(一)(个)(家)(族)(中)(有)(一)(个)(人)(比)(较)(有)(钱)(,那)(么)(,他)(就)(有)(义)(务)(照)(顾)(和)(招)(待)(家)(族)(其)(他)(人)(。因)(此)(,纳)(多)(尔)(-赫)(克)(的)(侄)(子)(迈)(克)(尔)(·纳)(尔)(多)(一)(直)(带)(着)(妻)(子)(儿)(女)(与)(赫)(克)(夫)(妇)(一)(起)(生)(活)(。
  2012年)(,妻)(子)(去)(世)(,赫)(克)(精)(神)(遭)(受)(巨)(大)(打)(击)(,加)(上)(患)(上)(多)(种)(重)(病)(,健)(康)(状)(况)(恶)(化)(,由)(侄)(子)(和)(两)(个)(保)(姆)(照)(顾)(。由)(于)(经)(常)(出)(入)(医)(院)(,花)(费)(不)(菲)(。
  本)(月)(6日)(,赫)(克)(在)(早)(餐)(时)(突)(然)(呕)(吐)(,被)(送)(往)(奎)(松)(市)(一)(家)(顶)(尖)(的)(私)(立)(医)(院)(,但)(收)(费)(很)(高)(。在)(急)(诊)(室)(住)(了)(几)(天)(后)(,医)(院)(认)(为)(,保)(险)(公)(司)(未)(给)(赫)(克)(付)(账)(,拒)(绝)(继)(续)(治)(疗)(。
  因)(此)(,侄)(子)(纳)(尔)(多)(只)(能)(将)(赫)(克)(转)(往)(一)(家)(公)(立)(医)(院)(,但)(菲)(律)(宾)(公)(立)(医)(院)(普)(遍)(效)(率)(低)(下)(,基)(本)(无)(法)(医)(治)(重)(病)(,赫)(克)(就)(此)(死)(在)(病)(床)(上)(。
  【回)(国)(和)(下)(葬)(】
  新)(华)(国)(际)(客)(户)(端)(报)(道)(,在)(赫)(克)(去)(世)(后)(,纳)(尔)(多)(对)(媒)(体)(说)(:“他)(非)(常)(好)(,给)(我)(的)(家)(庭)(很)(大)(帮)(助)(,非)(常)(谦)(卑)(,非)(常)(安)(静)(……我)(希)(望)(他)(对)(化)(学)(界)(和)(世)(界)(的)(贡)(献)(能)(被)(人)(们)(记)(住)(。”
  照)(顾)(赫)(克)(的)(保)(姆)(简)(·罗)(斯)(·皮)(多)(认)(为)(,如)(果)(不)(被)(医)(院)(扫)(地)(出)(门)(,赫)(克)(可)(能)(不)(会)(如)(此)(快)(地)(离)(世)(。她)(回)(忆)(,赫)(克)(生)(前)(一)(直)(在)(说)(想)(回)(到)(美)(国)(。
  “我)(们)(差)(点)(吵)(起)(来)(,因)(为)(他)(坚)(持)(要)(回)(美)(国)(。他)(会)(拿)(着)(拐)(杖)(,走)(出)(房)(间)(,等)(着)(打)(车)(,他)(会)(说)(,他)(要)(去)(机)(场)(,回)(到)(美)(国)(,”皮)(多)(说)(。
  赫)(克)(这)(一)(心)(愿)(最)(终)(没)(能)(实)(现)(。10月)(13日)(,他)(在)(马)(尼)(拉)(一)(处)(公)(墓)(下)(葬)(,紧)(挨)(着)(两)(年)(前)(去)(世)(的)(爱)(妻)(。(记)(者)(张)(伟)(、杨)(天)(沐)(,编)(辑)(李)(宏)(、李)(良)(勇)(,新)(华)(国)(际)(客)(户)(端)(报)(道)()
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